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Ward No. 7

NAME OF PANCHYAT: SARMILA CHEETRI
WARD NAME: LOWER DETHANG
TOTAL NO. OF HOUSEHOLD: 73

The Lower Deythang at a glance The village chosen for the PRA activity was Lower Deythang under Barfung Jarrong GPU of Ravangla Block South District. A village crowned in the mountain top of the Himalayan Regions. The great altitude of the village provides an awesome view as one looks down into the valleys and the river flowing several feet down the village Anethang village is in its south, Upper Ralongin the north, Upper Deythang Ward in the east and Bering Ward in west of the village. It is located 10 Kilometers away from Ravangla. Most of the houses in the ward are widely scattered.

The village is inhabited by Nepali community and under there are different sub communities like Bhutia, Rai, Chettri, Kami, Gurung. There are 96 households in the village with 503 populations. People from this village are mostly dependent on agricultural products.

The educational institutes available in the village are 1 ICDS one which is situated in the lower part of the village, a temple on lower part of the village, along with one Milk Collection Center etc. Historical Background

Deythang means the name of a local plant, it`s local name is Argaley. Shifting cultivation was common in early days.The people slowly settled and started livelihood activities like cattle rearing and jhum cultivation.Later on, they converted from terrace farming to terrace farming.They came to realize the value of education and wanted to educate their children. Difficult terrain and inclement weather made it impossible for them to send their children to school located at far away.At the same time, they could not provide infrastructure for education at local level.But still,their enthusiasm for education remained the same.As a result,the village boasts of school of secondary level at present.

PRA OBJECTIVES & PROCESSESS Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA)is a way of learning from and with villagers to investigate,analyze and evaluate their constraints and opportunities and help them to take decisions and actions.This method has flexibility and adaptability in addition to quickness and accuracy.It encourage people’s participation and requires respect for community members and their interest,patience,humility and listening.puttingfor ward their points of view aboutany issue and enabling the

A Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) exercise was conducted on to 17th& 18THSep 2014 in Lower Deythang under Barfung-Jarrong GPUof Ravangla Block South District,Sikkim,to analyze the perceptions, capabilities and experiences of the people living in that village.The findings of PRA will help in preparation of systematic and specific plans of action for the near future.The main objectives of the exercise were to:

1.Document the village in terms of resource and social structure

2.To identify the gaps and challenges that exist at the village

3.To evaluate the manifold needs,priorities and opportunities available at the village

4.To find out the social structure and available resources of the village.

5.To find out the time and energy spend by both men and women daily and yearly.

6.To find out the problems and suitable solution within the village.

The PRA exercise which was conducted involved local villagers and the resource persons who were facilitating the PRA exercise.The tools used were participatory observations,semi-structured interviews, mappings, trend analysis,seasonal review,Focus Group Discussion,problems faced by the villagers and their possible solutions etc.This PRA approach was particularly useful as it enabled the vulnerable/weak groups in that rural community to have a voice and impart their views on various issues that they have been confronting in their daily life.Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) was mainly conducted at the suitable place like community hall and nearby suitable places and houses.In each PRA technique the people were informed about the objectives and purposes of the method

PRA techniques enabled the villagers especially the vulnerable and the illiterate groups to have a voice and impart their views on various issues that they have been confronting in their daily life.Tools like Participatory Group Discussion,Mapping,Interaction,Daily Activity Analysis etc.were implied throughout the exercise

THE METHODOLOGY The villagers of Lower Deythang were informed about the need and its importance of the PRA and its processes and fixed the dates for exercises jointly.Following are the PRA tools which were exercised in the field.The team members involved at the exercised can also be referred from the table.Some important devices that were utilized during the exercise were a) Charts.b) Full scale paper c) colored pen d) colored papers, e) Open space,f) notebooks etc.

Transact walk: A transact walk was carried out with a mixed group of villagers on 17th SEP to 18th SEP 2014. Assess the current situation of the village which helps in taking an overview of total land area of the community through a specific path.The transect walk carried out observed vegetative cover, husbandry, land use pattern, problems,copping strategies and opportunities,among others.The team comprised of 04 members and started the walks from the edge of the community land, passed through the village to terminate at its core making observations and asking questions throughout.

Social Mapping:It was carried out to present the information on village layout,Social institution, Social infrastructure, Social composition & demography, Occupational & unemployment status etc. language-religion-culture groups, health, wealth, and other, etc.This provides an overview of the socio-economic aspects of the village. While drawing the map discussion was carried out about female headed household and the wealth category of them.A total no.of 11 villagers participated in the mapping process including women.During the exercise, the total house hold number of the village were discussed and asked whether the household number are shrinking or increasing. The participants were also asked to show institutions,buildings and places that offer some kind of social service. The group of participants was encouraged to discus and show on the map which different ethnic groups as well as the different religious groups were living in the Bering Village’s common symbol was used to mark those households in which the minority ethnic groups live. During the mapping process, the women headed households were also marked.

Resource Mapping was drawn in the floor of Tika Ram Chettri respectively with the help of villagers. A total no. of 11 participants was involved in the process. This map indicated all potential resource areas especially for agriculture and its related activities available to this community. While drawing the map discussion was carried out about the major resource available at the village, its scares resources accessibility of the community including poor and women to the resources etc. and such other crucial in formations regarding the resources in the village.

TOTAL HOUSES

SCSTOBCOTHERSTOTAL
14 18 40 01 73

Illustration of Social Composition Category:Household wise

ReligionNo of HouseholdsPercentage
Hindu 76 79.16
Christian 03 3.12
Buddhist 17 17.70
Total 96 100

HOUSES

PUCCAKUCCHASEMI-PUKKA
08 30 35

PEOPLE

NON-LOCALINDIANNON-INDIANTOTAL
- 70 03 73

Identification of Vulnerable: Women headed Household& Landless

CategoryNo. of HouseholdPercentage
Scheduled Tribes(ST) 01 1.04
Schdule caste 0 0
Others 03 3.12
Land less CategoryLand less No. of HouseholdPercentage
Scheduled Tribes(ST) 01 1.04
Schdule caste 02 2.08
Others 03 3.12
Total 06 6.24

HOUSEHOLD TOTAL

CategoryNO OF HHST(Households)SC(Households)OTHERS(Households)
Bhutia 12 12
Chettri 55 55
Rai 19 19
Kami 02 02
Gurung 08 08
TOTAL 96 12 02 82

RATION

BPLMMAAYMMKSAOTHERS
40 01 - -

LANDLESS HOUSEHOLD WITHOUT ELECTRICITY WITHOUT WATER WITHOUT HOUSE
07 - 07 07 -

GOVT. SCHOOLPVT. SCHOOLICDSCRASE TEMPLE GUMPA CHURCH OTHERS
01 - - 01 - - 01 -

Illustration of Unemployment Status
Category Boys % Girls %
Below Cl-X 13 10
Cl-X passed – below graduate 01 01
Graduate & above 0 0
TOTAL 14 11

EMPLOYEES
MALE FEMALE
10 05

HERITAGE HOMESTAY
- -

Status of Household inclusion in SHG
Category POP POOR Manageable Rich TOTAL
Total No. of HH in the village 18 41 30 07 96
No.of HH engaged in SHG 13 38 09 0 60
No. of HH not engaged in SHG 05 03 21 07 36