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Ward No. 3

NAME OF PANCHYAT:LEFT
WARD NAME:ANETHANG
TOTAL NO. OF HOUSEHOLD: 78 NOS

(The Anethang Villageat a glance) The village chosen for the PRA activity was Anethang under Barfung Jarrong GPU of Ravangla Block South District. A village crowned in the mountain top of the Himalayan Regions. The great altitude of the village provides an awesome view as one looks down into the valleys and the river flowing several feet down the village Samsing village is in its south, Lower Deythang and upper Deythang Wardin the north, Upper Barfung and Middle Barfung in the East, Bering and Jarrong Ward in the west and West Sikkim in west of the village. It is located 10 Kilometers away from Ravangla

The village is inhabited by Nepali and Bhutia communities and under there are different sub communities like Rai, Chettri, Subba,Tamang and Sharma. There are 78households in the village with 389 populations. People from this village are mostly dependent on agricultural and Horticulture products. The educational institutes available in the village are one ICDS and one Primary School which are situated in the Kewsa village, along with 2 Temple etc.

Historical Background Historically, communities of the Anethang village engaged in hunting and fishing for their livelihood. In Bhutia language, “ Ane” means “Cardamom” and “Thang” means ‘Field.” As the name stands the place was used for the intensive cultivation of cardamom. A forested area was cleared for agriculture by cutting down trees and setting them on fire the cultivation of cardamom has decrease due to the viral diseases other crops like maize and Paddy have replaced it. They used to fetching of water from the Vojay river.

THE METHODOLOGY The villagers of Anethang were informed about the need and its importance of the PRA and its processes and fixed the dates for exercises jointly. Following are the PRA tools which were exercised in the field. The team members involved at the exercised can also be referred from the table. Some important devices that were utilized during the exercise were a) Charts. b) Full scale paper c) colored pen d) colored papers, e) Open space, f) notebooks etc.

Transact walk: A transact walk was carried out with a mixed group of villagers on 27th October to 28th Oct 2014. Assess the current situation of the village which helps in taking an overview of total land area of the community through a specific path. The transect walk carried out observed vegetative cover, husbandry, land use pattern, problems, copping strategies and opportunities, among others. The team comprised of 04 members and started the walks from the edge of the community land, passed through the village to terminate at its core, making observations and asking questions throughout.

Social Mapping: It was carried out to present the information on village layout, Social institution, Social infrastructure, Social composition & demography, Occupational & unemployment status etc. language-religion-culture groups, health, wealth, and other, etc. This provides an overview of the socio-economic aspects of the village. While drawing the map discussion was carried out about female headed household and the wealth category of them. A total no. of 10 villagers participated in the mapping process including women. During the exercise, the total house hold number of the village were discussed and asked whether the household number are shrinking or increasing. The participants were also asked to show institutions, buildings and places that offer some kind of social service. The group of participants was encouraged to discus and show on the map which different ethnic groups as well as the different religious groups were living in the Anethang Village’s common symbol was used to mark those households in which the minority ethnic groups live. During the mapping process, the women headed households were also marked.

Resource Mapping was drawn in the floor of Dew Pds. Rai respectively with the help of villagers. A total no. of 10 participants was involved in the process. This map indicated all potential resource areas especially for agriculture and its related activities available to this community. While drawing the map discussion was carried out about the major resource available at the village, its scares resources accessibility of the community including poor and women to the resources etc. and such other crucial in formations regarding the resources in the village.

Gender Analysis: This tool illustrated all of the different kinds of activities carried out in one day which was useful for looking at relative work-loads between different gender groups in the community. Comparisons between clocks show who works the longest hours, who concentrates on a few activities and who does a number of tasks in a day, and who has the most leisure time and sleeping hour. Separate focus groups of men and women were organized for this tool. People from different socio-economic groups were included in each group

Identification of Vulnerable: Women headed Household& Landless

CategoryNo. of HouseholdPercentage
Scheduled Tribes(ST) 2 07
Schdule caste 2 07
Others 06 07
Land less CategoryLand less No. of HouseholdPercentage
Scheduled Tribes(ST) 5 6.41
Schdule caste 0 0.00
Others 03 3.84

HOUSEHOLD TOTAL

ReligionNo of HouseholdsPercentage
Hindu 67 58.89
christian 05 6.41
Buddhist 06 7.69
TOTAL 78 100

HOUSES

PUCCAKUCCHASEMI-PUKKA
20 25 33

PEOPLE

NON-LOCALINDIANNON-INDIANTOTAL
19 56 03 78

TOTAL NO. OF IAY,MMAY,CMRHM,RED-RH 26 NOS

IAYMMAYCMRHMRED-RH
- 01 02 -

TOTAL NO. OF WELFARE SCHEME 35 NOS

OAPWIDOWSAMAJGIK SEWAOTHERS
02 - 01 01

RATION

BPLMMAAYMMKSAOTHERS
46 04 - 28

LANDLESS HOUSEHOLD WITHOUT ELECTRICITY WITHOUT WATER WITHOUT HOUSE
21 - - 07 05

GOVT. SCHOOLPVT. SCHOOLICDSCRASE TEMPLE GUMPA CHURCH OTHERS
01 01 01 - 2 - - 02

Illustration of Unemployment Status
Category Boys % Girls %
Below Cl-X 2 2.56 1 1.28
Cl-X passed – below graduate 3 3.84 2 2.56
Graduate & above 3 3.84 0 0.00
TOTAL 8 10.25 3 3.84

EMPLOYEES
MALE FEMALE
30 19

HERITAGE HOMESTAY
- 01

Status of Household inclusion in SHG
Category POP POOR Manageable Rich TOTAL
Total No. of HH in the village 19 32 23 4 78
No.of HH engaged in SHG 19 28 09 3 59
No. of HH not engaged in SHG 0 04 14 1 19